To access the pros and cons advanced, sources, and discussion questions about whether animals should be used for scientific or commercial testing, go to The California Biomedical Research Association notes that nearly every medical breakthrough in the last 100 years has been a direct result of research involving animals. [9] Animal studies have contributed to major advances in the treatment of diseases such as breast cancer, brain injury, childhood leukemia, cystic fibrosis, multiple sclerosis, tuberculosis and more, and have been instrumental in the development of pacemakers, heart valve replacements, and anesthetics. [10] [11] [12] [13] A peer-reviewed study found serious shortcomings in the majority of publicly funded animal studies in the United States and the United Kingdom involving rodents and primates: “Only 59% of studies reported the hypothesis or purpose of the study and the number and characteristics of the animals used.” [64] A 2017 study found other shortcomings in animal studies, including “misinterpretation of data, unforeseen technical issues, poorly trained (or absent) control groups, selective data reporting, inadequate or variable software systems, and blatant fraud.” [128] Despite the countless animals killed each year in laboratories around the world, most countries have woefully inadequate regulatory measures to protect animals from suffering or to prevent their use when an animal-free approach is readily available. In the United States, the species most commonly used in experiments (mice, rats, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians) account for 99% of all laboratory animals, but are specifically exempt from the minimum protections of the Federal Animal Welfare Act (AWA).19,20 Many laboratories that use only these species are not required by law to provide animals with pain relief or veterinary care. research and consider alternatives to the use of animals, have proposed experiments reviewed by an institutional committee, or be inspected by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) or another entity. According to some estimates, up to 800 U.S. laboratories are not subject to federal laws and inspections because they experiment exclusively on mice, rats and other animals whose use is largely unregulated.21 For example, Vioxx, a drug used to treat arthritis, has been shown to be safe for monkeys and five other animal species. Yet it is estimated to have caused around 320,000 heart attacks and strokes and 140,000 deaths worldwide. A clinical trial of a hepatitis B drug tested for the first time on animals had to be stopped because it caused severe liver damage in seven patients, five of whom died. Another drug trial in France in 2016 resulted in the death of one volunteer, leaving four others with severe brain damage. The drug was intended to treat a variety of conditions and has previously been tested on mice, rats, dogs and monkeys. Artificially induced diseases in laboratory animals, whether mice or monkeys, are never identical to those that occur naturally in humans.

And because animal species are biologically different from each other in many ways, it is all the less likely that animal experiments will produce results that are correctly interpreted and applied meaningfully to the human condition. We educate consumers about animals used in cruel and unnecessary cosmetic testing and how to buy cruelty-free cosmetics and personal care products. PETA launched “Without Consent” — an interactive timeline of nearly 200 animal testing stories from the last century — to open people`s eyes to the long history of suffering inflicted on animals without consent in laboratories, and to inspire people to rethink this exploitation. Visit Without Consent to learn about heartbreaking animal experiments throughout history and how you can help create a better future for living and sentient beings. Follow us on Facebook for the latest news and promotions about animals in the lab! In addition to local and state laws and guidelines, animal research has been regulated by the Federal Animal Welfare Act (AWA) since 1966. In addition to minimum housing standards for laboratory animals (pen size, temperature, access to clean feed and water, etc.), the AWA also requires regular inspections by veterinarians.

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