Subscribe to America`s largest dictionary and get thousands of other definitions and an advanced search – ad-free! The Canadian Dictionary of Social Sciences [1] gives the following meaning of statistics: A set of tests or techniques applied to data or observations collected by social scientists. There are two categories of statistics: descriptive and inferential. Descriptive statistics are used to describe the characteristics of the sample or population with which the researcher is working, for example, an average, standard deviation, etc. can be calculated. Inferential statistics are used to draw conclusions about a population from observations of a sample. For example, opinion poll reports regularly state that “a sample of this size is accurate to x% 19 times out of 20.” This is the conclusion to be drawn from the population from which the sample was drawn. Nglish: Translating statistics for Spanish speakers This definition of a statistical agency also generally does not include agencies whose primary role is policy analysis and planning (for example, the Office of Tax Analysis of the U.S. Department of the Treasury, the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). These agencies may collect and analyze statistical information, and statistical agencies may, in turn, conduct some policy-related analysis (e.g., after-tax income or home child care trends report). However, in order to maintain their credibility as an objective source of accurate and useful information, statistical offices need to be separated from the units responsible for policy development and policy evaluation.

7 The terms “data”, “information” and “statistics” have no clear definition boundaries: This document generally uses the term “data” to refer to responses or individual elements of a data set, and “statistics” or “information” to refer to data that have been organized and modified as necessary as “statistics”. Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Retrieved 1 December 2022. (For statistics, see the World Legal Encyclopedia and the etiology of other terms.) This definition of a federal statistical office does not include many federal government statistical activities, such as: Statistics compiled by an operational authority for administrative purposes (e.g., U.S. Office of Personnel Management statistics on new hires and retirements). Nor does it include organizations whose primary tasks are to conduct or support problem-oriented research, although their research may be based on information gathered using statistical methods, and they may sponsor important surveys: for example, the National Institutes of Health, which 6 The Protection of Confidential Information and Statistical Efficiency of 2002 (P.L. 107-347, Section 502(8)) contains a similar definition of a statistical authority: “An agency or organizational unit of the executive branch whose activity consists primarily in collecting, compiling, processing or analysing information for statistical purposes”. There are 13 lead statistical institutes (the subject of this paper), several “recognized statistical units” (components of non-statistical institutes) and statistical programmes, such as a survey or time series, that can be included in each agency. The designation of a major statistical authority and a recognized statistical unit is not fully consistent with legislation and guidelines (see “Brief History of the U.S. Federal Statistical System” below and Appendix B).

These sample phrases are automatically selected from various online information sources to reflect the current use of the word “statistics”. The views expressed in the examples do not represent the views of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us your feedback. It includes methodological research to improve the quality, usefulness and usability of data; the use of real-time data collected from a source (paradata) to make compilation as efficient and error-free as possible; and modelling to combine data from more than one source into useful statistics. It also includes substantive analyses, such as the development of indicators from one or more data sets, the production of projections, the interpretation of data and the explanation of differences between statistics, obtained using different methods such as surveys and administrative records. An analysis by a statistical office does not endorse politics or take partisan positions. As mentioned above, statistical offices generally collect information under an obligation of confidentiality (to an individual or organization). Statistical offices may collect information that identifies individual government agencies when the data is already public information – such as the Census Bureau`s statistics program for state and local governments (see National Research Council, 2007a) and the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics` program to collect information on research and development expenditures of federal organizations (see National Research Council, 2010a). 1770, “Science sur les données sur l`état d`un État ou d`une communauté d`un État ou d`une communauté [Barnhart], from German statistics, popularised and perhaps invented by the German political scientist Gottfried Aschenwall (1719-1772) in his “Preparation for Political Science” (1748), from the Nouveau latin statisticum (collegium) `(lecture on) the affairs of the State`, from the Italian statista `un doué en homme d`état`, from the Latin statut `une station, a position, a place; Order, order, condition”, figuratively “public order, community organization”, the name of the action of the past participle derives from the rigid root of the root PIE *sta- “to stand, to do or to be firm.” the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) points out that “the context shows that [Ashwall] did not regard the term as new”, but the current usage seems to be due to him. Sir John Sinclair is credited with the introduction into English usage. This means that “digital data collected and classified” dates from 1829; Hence the study of any subject by means of an extended enumeration. Short form Statistics first recorded in 1961.

(e.g. to weight survey responses against national population controls) and otherwise processed for use. 9 The Federal Cybersecurity Improvement Act of 2015 (part of Bill 114-113) improved the protection of individual records against cyberattacks.

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