This introductory chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to provide a doctrinal history of South African law. He then discusses the Romano-Dutch heritage of South African private law, the three graces of South African law, legal reporting in South Africa during the colonial period (1857-1910) and from 1910, and the growth of legal literature in South Africa. It is generally accepted to use images of people for personal or fair use purposes, including news, artwork, satire, politics, information, or education. As a result, anyone pursuing a political career waives many of their rights to publicity and privacy, as they are often used for editorial, factual or newsworthy purposes without remuneration. Any work intended for commercial use must be signed with a model authorization, even if it is a celebrity or public figure and photographed in a public place. A person has the exclusive right to have his person used for commercial advertising purposes. Therefore, unauthorized commercial use of a person`s name, image, image, reputation or other recognizable aspects of identity would be illegal. 31 years later, I`m sitting with the problem of wanting to finish this book, but I`m not sure I can use images from the World Wide Web that were taken under illegal conditions at the time. Hello, unfortunately we are unable to offer legal advice. Unfortunately, I cannot comment on what actions you should legally take. I simply do not have the legal knowledge or experience. However, I am talking about one of our enthusiastic students who is a lawyer specializing in intellectual property and copyright law. I hope he will take care of it.

Hello, please can you help; I have a public marketing website and recently wrote an article about a war in the 1900s. I found images on websites and used them to show some stages of the war. I got a call from a local newspaper saying I should remove them immediately as they own the copyright to the old images. My question is simple: the photos were taken between 1900 and 1903, how is it possible that he owns the images and has the copyright. We don`t charge for people to read the story, just use the information Theoretically, you don`t need special permission to take pictures of children. In practice, you need permission from a parent or guardian to use these images for commercial purposes. This is further complicated by broad and far-reaching interpretations of the term “commercial gain”. If displaying an image improves your reputation as a photographer, it can also be considered a “commercial gain”. In fact, it can be translated just as well, if you want to do something with these images, you need signed permission. Thank you for this excellent article, I need a little more advice on an incident that happened to me. I was photographed by someone in a supermarket and found out that the person was sending the photos to someone else through the app. The person is a stranger and I feel like they have invaded my privacy, can I take legal action against that person? Do they have the copyright and can I use them with or without the permission of the image owner or not? Hello.

I watched a show in a theatre in Cape Town and took pictures of my seat in the audience – without using a flash. However, I did not ask permission. I was reprimanded after sharing the photos on social media. Is it illegal to take pictures of a show in a theatre? Thank you very much. As I said, we are not in a position to give legal advice and I recommend that you contact your lawyer. @Albert. As far as I know, minors in South Africa are under the age of 18, but please note that we have made it clear in the article that we are in no way legal experts and I recommend that you seek appropriate legal advice. I simply cannot offer you legal advice; I don`t have the credentials.

Excellent article, I was wondering if the same laws apply to the photography of police officers? I couldn`t find anything, so your contribution would be grateful If someone were to take a picture of me but then refused to give it to me, it`s illegal or legal. Please advise me on the following: I take surf and kitesurf pictures. I put a bunch of pictures on my photo page on Facebook and was contacted by Peter Lynne Kiting who asked them if they could use a specific photo for a banner they wanted to make for a European kite competition. I said yes and handed them the high resolution file as requested. I just saw the banner that was made and will be shown at the European kite contest and my logo has been removed. Is it even legal? I would appreciate any information you may provide. Thank you very much! Mandi Ireland The only restriction imposed directly and specifically on what is not allowed to be photographed by the government relates to matters of national security, usually military installations or infrastructure, which may include police stations, airports, bridges, consulates, border crossings and means of transport. This is governed by the National Key Points Act 1980 (Act No. 102 of 1980). This is the only time the act of photographing can be considered illegal. Or more specifically, if the taking of a photograph “prevents, hinders or inhibits an owner from taking any action required or ordered under this Act with respect to the effective security of a key national point.” Your question does not affect this copyright article. However, to clarify your question; There is no law against editing or modifying images for example; But altering a photo to distort the condition of a product is wrong and unethical.

This article is great. Just to clarify, is it legal to take pictures in a public hospital when no one is visible? (There are no photo signs, but I guess it`s about protecting people and private information, so if none of this is visible, is it still illegal/legal?) Data protection law allows the photographer to take pictures in any public space. You have the right to take pictures of anyone or anything if it can be seen from a public space. These include parks, city streets and sporting events or concerts. It also makes it possible to photograph private property or buildings from the public space. Every person and member of the public basically waives their right to anonymity or privacy by appearing in these areas and thus being a fair subject for images. There are laws that can lead to exceptions to standard rules, but these are usually in place to prevent an area from being used as a filming location for commercial purposes without prior consent. Members of the public have rights only if they have withdrawn to a place where privacy is a reasonable presumption.

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